«IZVESTIYA IRKUTSKOGO GOSUDARSTVENNOGO UNIVERSITETA». SERIYA «NAUKI O ZEMLE»
«THE BULLETIN OF IRKUTSK STATE UNIVERSITY». SERIES «EARTH SCIENCES»
ISSN 2073-3402 (Print)

List of issues > Series «Earth Sciences». 2019. Vol. 30

Assessment of the Sensitivity and Ability to Self-Restoration of the Perturbal Animals of the Central Ecological Zone of Baikal in the Conditions of Recreational Exposure

Author(s)
V. A. Prelovskiy
Abstract

The peculiarity of natural landscapes, climatic and geomorphological conditions led to a high species diversity of the fauna of the central ecological zone of Lake Baikal. The fauna, as the least stable component of the landscape, changes easily and quickly under the influence of various external factors. Since the second half of the XX century recreation becomes one of the leading anthropogenic factors influencing the wildlife of the coast. Recreational impact on the animal world is manifested in the form of destruction and fragmentation of habitats, mechanical impact, intimidation, direct extermination and production, chemical pollution of biocenoses, increase in the number and area of fires, littering with waste and debris. The article discusses the method of cartographic assessment of the sensitivity and ability to self-repair of the faunal complexes of the Central ecological zone of the Baikal natural territory within the Irkutsk region. According to the developed evaluation criteria, the faunal complexes were divided into three categories. On the basis of what the overview maps are drawn up, the background color of which displays the quantitative characteristic of the scale gradation. The results can be used in the development of load standards for organized and unorganized recreation and recreational territory planning.

About the Authors

Prelovskiy Vladimir Alexandrovich, Candidate of Sciences (Geography), Senior Researcher, ORCID iD: 0000-0003-1200-7560, Researcher ID: I-6549-2018, V. B. Sochava Institute of Geography SB RAS, 1, Ulan-Batorskaya st., Irkutsk, 664033, Russian Federation, tel.: 8 (3952) 42-69-20, e-mail: amadeo81@mail.ru

For citation

Prelovskiy V.A. Assessment of the Sensitivity and Ability to Self-Restoration of the Perturbal Animals of the Central Ecological Zone Of Baikal in the Conditions of Recreational Exposure. The Bulletin of Irkutsk State University. Series Earth Sciences, 2019, vol. 30, pp. 90-107. https://doi.org/10.26516/2073-3402.2019.30.90 (in Russian)

Keywords
Baikal, Central ecological zone, vertebrates, faunistic complexes, sensitivity, ability to self-repair
UDC
911.2:591.9(282.256.341)
DOI
https://doi.org/10.26516/2073-3402.2019.30.90
References

Timoshkin O.A., Sitnikova T.Ya., Rusinek O.T. et al. Annotirovannyi spisok fauny ozera Baikal i ego vodosbornogo basseina [An annotated list of the fauna of Lake Baikal and its catchment area]. Novosibirsk, Nauka Publ., 2004, vol. 1, Ozero Baikal, kn. 2, 1679 p. (in Russian)

Volchatova I.V., Bryukhanova T.E. Problemy rekreatsionnoi nagruzki na Pribaikal'skii natsional'nyi park [Problems of recreational load on the Pribaikalsky National Park]. XXI vek. Tekhnosfernaya bezopasnost' [Technosphere Safety. XXI Century], 2016, no. 1, pp. 43-48. (in Russian)

Dedyu I.I. Ekologicheskiy entsiklopedicheskiy slovar [Ecological encyclopedic dictionary]. Kishinev, MSE, 1990, 408 p. (in Russian)

Zhigarev I.A. Melkie mlekopitayushchie rekreatsionnykh i estestvennykh lesov Podmoskov'ya (populyatsionnyI aspekt). [Small mammals of recreational and natural forests of Moscow region (population aspect)]. Moscow, Prometei Publ., 2004, 232 p. (in Russian)

Zaharov V.D. Vliyanie rekreatsionnoi nagruzki na soobshchestva ptits v lesakh Yuzhnogo Urala [Impact of recreational load on bird communities in the forests of the Southern Urals]. Izvestiya Chelyabinskogo nauchnogo tsentra URO RА[News of the Chelyabinsk Scientific Center UB RAS], 1998, no. 1, pp. 141-150. (in Russian)

Istomina E.A., Tsygankova M.V., Evstropyeva O.V. Landshaftno-rekreatsionnyy potentsial tsentral'noy ekologicheskoy zony Baykal'skoy prirodnoy territoriy [Landscape and recreational potential of the central ecological zone of the Baikal natural territories]. Sovremennyye problemy servisa i turizma [Modern problems of service and tourism], 2018, vol. 12, no. 3, pp. 97-109. https://doi.org/10.24411/1995-0411-2018-10309. (in Russian)

Gaikova O.A. (ed.). Krasnaya kniga Irkutskoi oblasti [Red Book of the Irkutsk Region]. Irkutsk, Publ. Veter stranstvii, 2010, 480 p. (in Russian)

Krasnaya kniga Rossiyskoy Federatsii. Zhivotnyye [The Red Book of the Russian Federation. Animals]. Moscow, Astrel Publishing House, 2001, 862 p. (in Russian)

Okhrana landshaftov. Tolkovyy slovar' [Landscape protection. Explanatory dictionary]. Moscpw, Progress Publ., 1982. 272 p. (in Russian)

Аlekseenko N.А. et al. Landshaftnoe planirovanie s elementami inzhenernoj biologii [Landscape planning with elements of engineering biology]. Moscow, Tovarischestvo nauchnih izdanii Publ., 2006, 239 p. (in Russian)

Malyshev Yu. S., Polyushkin Yu.V. Otsenka sostoyaniya ekosistem – klyuchevoye zveno ekologicheskogo monitoringa [Assessment of the state of ecosystems – a key element of environmental monitoring]. Geografiya i prirodnyye resursy [Geography and natural resources], 1998, no. 1, pp. 35-42. (in Russian)

Malyshev Yu.S., Prelovskii V.А. Invaziinye vidy mlekopitayushih v zapovednikah i nacionalnyh parkah Vostochnoi Sibiri [Invasive mammal species in reserves and national parks in Eastern Siberia]. Bajkalskii zoologicheskii zurnal [Baikal Zoological Journal], 2009, no. 2, pp. 88-97. (in Russian)

Mirkin, B. M. Antropogennaya dinamika rastitelnosti [Anthropogenic dynamics of vegetation]. Itogi nauki i tekhniki. Botanika [Results of science and technology. Botany]. Moscow, VINITI, 1984, vol. 5, pp. 139-232. 

Ponomarenko E.А., Solodyankina S.V. Transformaciâ pribreznyh geosistem ozera Bajkal pod vozdeistviem rekreacionnoi deyatelnosti [Transformation of the coastal geosystems of Lake Baikal under the influence of recreational activities]. The Bulletin of Irkutsk State University. Series Earth Sciences, 2013, vol. 6, no. 1, pp. 147-160. (in Russian)

Popov V.V., Matveev А.N. Pozvonochnye zivotnye Bajkalskogo regiona: vidovoi sostav i pravovoi status [Vertebrates of the Baikal region: species composition and legal status]. Irkutsk, Irkutsk State Univercity Publ., 2005, 86 p. (in Russian)

Prelovskii V.А. Gerpetofauna Pribaikalskogo nacionalnogo parka [Herpetofauna of the Pribaikalsky National Park]. Trudy Pribajkalskogo nacionalnogo parka [Works of the Pribaikalsky National Park], Irkutsk, IGU Publ., 2007, vol. 2, p. 165-174. (in Russian)

Ravkin Yu.S., Livanov S.G. Faktornaya zoogeografiya: printsipy, metody i teoreticheskiye predstavleniya [Factor zoogeography: principles, methods and theoretical ideas]. Novosibirsk, Nauka Publ., 2008, 205 p. (in Russian)

Sionova M. N. Vliyanie rekreacii na bioraznoobrazie model'nyh grupp organizmov niznego yarusa shirokolistvennyh i sosnovyh lesov Kaluzskoj oblasti [The impact of recreation on the biodiversity of the model groups of lower-tier organisms of deciduous and pine forests of the Kaluga region]. Аbstr. dis. sci. Kaluga, 2005, 24 p. (in Russian) 

Plešanov А.S., Bardunov L.V., Makryj T.V. et al. Unikalnye ob»ekty zivoi prirody bassejna Bajkala [Unique objects of wildlife of the Baikal basin]. Novosibirsk, Nauka Publ., 1990, 224 p. (in Russian) 

Landshaftnoye planirovaniye: Instrumenty i opyt primeneniya [Landscape Planning: Tools and Application Experience]. Bonn, Irkutsk, IG SB RAS Publ., 2005, 159 p. (in Russian)

Ekologicheskii atlas bassejna ozera Baikal [Ecological Atlas of the Baikal Basin]Irkutsk, V. B. Sochava Institut geografii SB RАS, 2015, 145 p. 

Arlettaz R., Patthey P., Baltic M., Leu T., Schaub M., Palme R. Spreading free-riding snow sports represent a novel serious threat for wildlife. Proc. Biol. Sci. 2007, no. 274, pp. 1219-1224. https://doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2006.0434

Banks P.B., Bryant J.V. Four-legged friend or foe? Dog walking displaces native birds from natural areas. Biol. Lett. 2007, no. 3, pp. 611-613. https://doi.org/10.1098/rsbl.2007.0374

Beale C.M., Monaghan P. Modeling the effects of limiting the number of visitors on failure rates of seabird nests. Conserv. Biol. 2005, vol. 19, pp. 2015-2019. 

Birding in the United States: a demographic and economic analysis. Addendum to the 2006 National Survey of Fishing, Hunting and Wildlife-Associated Recreation, U. S. Fish and Wildlife Publications, 2009, 164 p. 

Cole D.N., Landres P.B. Indirect Effects of Recreation on Wildlife // Wildlife and Recreationists-Coexistence Through Management and Research. Washington, DC, Island Press, 1995, Chapter 11, pp. 183-202. 

Finney S.K., Pearce-Higgins J.W., Yalden D.W. The effect of recreational disturbance on an upland breeding bird, the golden plover Pluvialis apricaria. Biol. Conserv., 2005, no. 12, pp. 53-63. 

George S.L., Crooks K.R. Recreation and large mammal activity in an urban nature reserve. Biol Conserv., 2006, № 133, pp. 107-117. 

Gürlük S., Rehber E. A travel cost study to estimate recreational value for a bird refuge at Lake Manyas, Turkey. Journal of Environmental Management, 2008, no. 88 (4), pp. 1350-1360. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2007.07.017

Hall M. Tourism and biological exchange and invasions: a missing dimension in sustainable tourism? Tourism Recreation Research, 2015, vol. 40, no. 1, pp. 81-94. https://doi.org/10.1080/02508281.2015.1005943

Heil L., Fernandez-Juricic E., Renison D., Cingolani A.M., Blumstein D.T. Avian responses to tourism in the biogeographically isolated high Cordoba Mountains, Argentina. Biodivers Conserv., 2007, no. 16, pp. 1009-1026. 

Kangas K., Luoto M., Ihantola A., Tomppo E., Siikama Èki P. Recreation-induced changes in boreal bird communities in protected areas. Ecol. Appl., 2010, no. 20, pp. 1775-1786. 

Kronenberg Jakub Birdwatchers’ wonderland? Prospects for the development of birdwatching tourism in Poland. Journal of Ecotourism, 2016, vol. 15, no. 1, pp. 1-17. https://doi.org/10.1080/14724049.2016.1142556

Larson C.L., Reed S.E., Merenlender A.M., Crooks K.R. Effects of Recreation on Animals Revealed as Widespread through a Global Systematic Review. PLoS ONE, 2016, no. 11(12), e0167259. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0167259. (date of access: 15.12.2018). 

Müllner A., Linsenmair E.K.,Wikelski M. Exposure to ecotourism reduces survival and affects stress response in hoatzin chicks (Opisthocomus hoazin). Biol. Conserv., 2004, no. 118, pp. 549-558. 

Reed S.E., Merenlender A.M. Quiet, nonconsumptive recreation reduces protected area effectiveness. Conserv Lett., 2008, no. 1, pp. 146-154. 

Riffell S.K., Gutzwiller K.J., Anderson S.H. Does Repeated Human Intrusion Cause Cumulative Declines in Avian Richness and Abundance? Ecol. Appl., 1996, no. 6, pp. 492-505. 


Full text (russian)