ISSN 2073-3402 (Print)

List of issues > Series «Earth Sciences». 2018. Vol. 24

The Modern State of Hunting Resources of Siberia

V. A. Prelovskiy, G. V. Ponomarev, V. S. Kambalin
Hunting economy of Russia is an important part of the national economic complex, the total annual turnover of which is estimated at 80-100 billion rubles, of which 16 billion rubles accounted for hunting products and services in this area. Hunting grounds in Siberia occupy an area of 462,197.6 thousand hectares (85 % of the total area of the district), more than half of them are public. On the territory of Siberia, the number of species classified as hunting objects varies slightly by region and averages 50-60 species of birds and mammals. The most popular are about 30 species, the rest are mined in small quantities and are not of great importance in the economy of the region. The paper presents data on the state of resources of the most important and widespread hunting animals in Siberia. The main trends of changes in the number of animals and features of the distribution of reserves in the subjects of the Siberian Federal district for 2008-2016 are revealed. The high number of hunting species is probably associated with overestimation of indicators by unscrupulous hunters in order to increase the number of licenses and is caused by the high demand for their derivatives (fur, musk, bile, fat, paws, etc.). The basic tendencies of formation of the modern market of furs are presented. The decline in demand, lower purchase prices, higher transportation costs, as well as changing rules and terms of hunting led to the decline in production of most of the once valuable fur-bearing animals. The rating of regions by hunting value is made and the cost estimation of social and economic value of branch on each subject and as a whole on the Federal district is given. Every year it increases by 1-3 % and in 2016 it was estimated at about 8.4 billion rubles. In accordance with the targets set out in the Strategy for the development of hunting in Russia until 2030, the regions of Siberia, which have high potential for hunting resources, can become major centers of development grew.
For citation:
Prelovskiy V. A., Ponomarev G. V., Kambalin V. S. The Modern State of Hunting Resources of Siberia. The Bulletin of Irkutsk State University. Series Earth Sciences, 2018, vol. 24, pp. 81-98. https://doi.org/10.26516/2073-3402.2018.24.81. (in Russian).
Siberia, hunting and fishing resources, number, production, dynamics of the fur market, assessment of the value of hunting

Vashukevich Yu.E., Ganzevich A.P. Sostoyanie i problemy ispol'zovaniya resursov pushnykh zverei na territorii Irkutskoi oblasti [State and problems of use of resources of fur animals in Irkutsk region]. Vestnik IrGSKhA [Vestnik IrGSCHA], 2010, vol. 39. pp. 11-17. (in Russian)

Gosudarstvennyi doklad o sostoyanii i ob okhrane okruzhayushchei sredy Rossiiskoi Federatsii v 2016 godu [State report on the state and protection of the environment of the Russian Federation in 2016]. Moscow, Minprirody Rossii NIA-Priroda Publ., 2017, 760 p. (in Russian)

Danilkin A.A. Dinamika naseleniya dikikh kopytnykh Rossii: gipotezy, fakty, zakonomernosti [Dynamics of population of wild ungulates in Russia: hypotheses, facts, laws]. Moscow, Tovarishchestvo nauchnykh izdanii KMK Publ., 2009, 310 p. (in Russian)

Zaitsev V.A. Kabarga: ekologiya, dinamika chislennosti, perspektivy sokhraneniya [Musk deer: ecology, population dynamics, conservation perspectives]. Moscow, Tsentr okhrany dikoi prirody Publ., 2006, 120 p. (in Russian)

Luzhbin E.L. Pushnina i rynok [Furs and the market]. Okhrana i ratsionalnoe ispolzovanie zhivotnykh i rastitelnykh resursov. Materialy Mezhdunarodnoi nauch.-prakt. konf. [Protection and rational use of animal and plant resources: Proceedings of the International scientific and practical conference]. Irkutsk, IrGSKhA Publ., 2007, pp. 57-79. (in Russian)

Noskov V.T., Matveev G.G., Ovdin M.G. K voprosu ob izuchenii sotsial'no-ekonomicheskoi znachimosti okhotnich'ego khozyaistva dlya ekonomiki regionov [To the question of studying the socio-economic importance of hunting for the economy of the regions]. Okhrana i ratsional'noe ispol'zovanie zhivotnykh i rastitel'nykh resursov. Materialy Mezhdunarodnoi nauch.-prakt. konf. [Protection and rational use of animal and plant resources: Proceedings of The international scientific and practical conference]. Irkutsk, 2010, pp. 146-150. (in Russian)

Obzor sostoyaniya populyatsii osnovnykh vidov pushnykh zverei na territorii Rossiiskoi Federatsii (po sostoyaniyu s 2005 g. po 2015 g.) [Review of the status of populations of the main species of fur animals in the Russian Federation (as of 2005 to 2015)]. Moscow, Buki Vedi Publ., 2016, 104 p. (in Russian)

Ponomarev G.V., Kambalin V.S. Ekonomiko-geograficheskie aspekty okhotnich'ego prirodopol'zovaniya Sibiri [Economic and geographical aspects of hunting nature use in Siberia]. Geografiya i prirodnye resursy [Geography and Natural Resurces], 2016, no. 1, pp. 23-28. (in Russian)

Ponomarev G.V., Prelovskii V.A., Kambalin V.S. Dinamika okhotnich'ikh resursov Baikal'skoi prirodnoi territorii [Dynamics of hunting resources of Baikal natural territory]. Klimat, ekologiya, sel'skoe khozyaistvo Evrazii. Materialy V mezhdunarodnoi nauchno-prakticheskoi konferentsii [Climate, ecology, agriculture of Eurasia: Proceedings of the V international scientific-practical conference]. Irkutsk, IrGAU im. A.A. Ezhevskogo Publ., 2016, pp. 134-135. (in Russian)

Smelyanskii I.E., Nikolenko E.G. Analiz rynka dikikh zhivotnykh i ikh derivatov v Altae-Sayanskom ekoregione – 2005-2008 gg. [Analysis of the market of wild animals and their derivatives in Altai-Sayan Ecoregion-2005-2008]. Krasnoyarsk, Gorod Publ., 2010, 150 p. (in Russian)

Breitenmoser U., Haller H. Zur Nahrungsokologie des Luchses Lynx lynx in Den Schweizer-ischen Nordalpen. Ztschr. Saugetierk, 1987, Bd. 53, H. 3, pp. 268-291.

Duda M.D. Hunting is money. Available at: http.//www.huntersmagazine.com/en/article/ huntingmoney. 2012. (date of access: 21 March 2018).

Homes V. No Licence to Kill: the Population and Harvest of Musk Deer and Trade in Musk in the Russian Federation and Mongolia. TRAFFIC Europe, Brussels, Belgium, 2004, 115 p.

Kojola I., Ranta E., Helle P., Heikkinen S. Predator-Prey Relationship Between Wolf and Moose in Finland. Los` (Alces alces L., 1758) v devstvennoy i izmenennoy chelovekom srede. Tr. VI Mezhdunarodnogo Simpoziuma po Losyu. Yakutsk, Institut Biologicheskikh Problem Kriolitozony SO RAN Pabl., 2008, p. 50.

Liberg O., Cederlund G., Kjellander P. Population Dynamics of Roe Deer (Capreolus Capreolus) in Sweden: a Brief Review of Past and Present. Recent developments in deer biology. Proc. III Intern. Congr. Biol. Deer. Edinburgh, 1994. pp. 96-106.

Mech D., Smith D., MacNulty D. Wolves on the Hunt: the Behavior of Wolves Hunting Wild Prey. Chicago, Publisher University of Press, 2015, 187 p. DOI: 10.7208/Chicago/9780226255286.001.0001.

Monakhov V.G. Martes Zibellina. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: e.T41652A45213477. Available at: http://dx.DOI.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-1.RLTS.T41652A45213477 (date of access: 21.03.2018).

Stephenson T., Ballenberghe V. Defence of one Twin Calf Against Wolves, Canis Lupus, by a Female Moose, Alces alces. Can. Field-Nat, 1995, vol. 109, pp. 253-255.

Strandgaard H. The Roe Deer (Capreolus Capreolus) Population at Kalo and the Factors Regulating its Size. Dan. Review Game Biology, 1972, vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 1-205.

Wemmer C. Deer Status Survey and Conservation Action Plan. Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge UK : IUCN, 1998. 106 p.

Full text (russian)