The Study of the Landscapes of the Southern Urals
According to the Field and Cartographic Materials
Natural landscapes are formed over a long period of time and are fairly stable if no external influence is applied to them. On the territory of the western part of the Chelyabinsk region and the east of the Republic of Bashkortostan there is a large mass of mining and mining industries. In the course of their activities, due to mining, they radically transform natural landscapes and form new ones-technogenic landscapes. The objects of the study are landscapes and soils of the Southern Urals. The lithogenic basis is represented by coal and Middle Devonian sediments. Quaternary rocks are represented by eluvial-deluvial rocks. In order to study the changes in the landscape shell, a series of cuts was laid to establish the change in soil acidity. It was found that natural landscapes have a favorable reactive environment, the soils beneath agricultural production are slightly acidic. Soils subject to strong technogenic impact are highly acidic. According to the cartographic material, eight landscapes were identified. According to the data, it was established that the steppe landscapes are prevalent. In addition, the coefficient of environmental stability was calculated, which, according to the calculated data, indicates the instability of the landscape. Thus, human activity adversely affects the landscape. Under the influence of emissions from industries, the environment is polluted, vegetation changes or dies, which in turn leads to the development of water and wind erosion and to an even deeper landscape transformation.
Shabanov Mikhail Viktorovich, Candidate of Sciences (Agriculture), Associate Professor, Saint Petersburg State Agrarian University, 2, Petersburg highway, Pushkin, Saint Petersburg, 196601, Russian Federation, e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Strekulev Grigory Borisovich, Postgraduate, Saint Petersburg State Agrarian University, 2, Petersburg highway, Pushkin, Saint Petersburg, 196601, Russian Federation, e-mail: strekulev@gmail. com
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