The Impact of Socio-Economic Environment
Transformations on the Population Life Quality of the North of Irkutsk Region
The results of determining the impact of the socio-economic environment characteristics and its modern transformations under new industrial development on the subjective assessment of the life quality of the North Irkutsk Region population are presented in the article. The research was carried out on the example of three northern districts (Ust-Kutskij, Katangskij and Kirenskij), which have a common vector of economic development associated with active industrial development of the oil and gas resources. The comparative geographical, statistical and social research (questioning and interviewing) methods were used. For the quantitative analysis of the collected data the principal components method was applied. It has been established that the level and quality of the settlement transport accessibility, which also correlate with indicators of age and health, and in particular cases (the Katangskij district) with plans to change a place of residence, has a significant impact on the subjective assessment of the life quality by the locals. The influence of the respondent social status and the level of the criminal situation in the settlement are also significant in the life quality assessment. The influence of the oil and gas industry on the subjective life quality assessment is mediated, and the direct impact appears in cases of labor involvement of respondents or their family members in this economic sector. In most cases, respondents note the problems of inequity in the distribution of incomes from this economy sector between budget levels, a high disparity in the wages, a low involvement of the locals in this industry, and environmental consequences of this industrial activity. The research results have theoretical and practical importance, in particular, they can be used in socio-economic development strategies of the Irkutsk region northern districts.
Krasnoshtanova Natalia Evgenievna, Candidate of Sciences (Geography), Research Scientist, V. B. Sochava Institute of Geography SB RAS, 1, Ulan-Batorskaya st., Irkutsk, 664033, Russian Federation, tel.: 8 (3952) 42-74-72, e-mail: knesun@mail. ru
Krasnoshtanova N.E. The Impact of Socio-Economic Environment Transformations on the Population Life Quality of the North of Irkutsk Region. The Bulletin of Irkutsk State University. Series Earth Sciences, 2019, vol. 30, pp. 38-55. https://doi.org/10.26516/2073-3402.2019.30.38 (in Russian)
Bashalhanova L.B., Veselova V.N., Korytnyj L.M. Resursnoe izmerenie social'nyh uslovij zhiznedejatel'no-sti naselenija Vostochnoj Sibiri [Resource dimension of the social conditions of the Eastern Siberia population]. Novosibirsk, Geo Publ., 2012, 221 p. (in Russian)
Beljaeva L.A. Uroven i kachestvo zhizni: problemy izmerenija i interpretacii [Level and quality of life: problems of measurement and interpretation]. Sociologicheskie issledovanija [Sociological studies], 2009, iss. 1, pp. 33-42. (in Russian)
Bessokirnaja G.P. Faktornyj analiz: tradicii ispolzovanija i novye vozmozh-nosti [Factor analysis: traditions of use and new opportunities]. Sociologija: metodologija, metody, matematicheskoe modelirovanie [Sociology: methodology, methods, mathematical modeling], 2000, iss. 12, pp. 142-153. (in Russian)
Veselova V.N., Bashalhanova L.B., Korytnyj L.M. O nizkom urovne social'-noj zashhishhennosti naselenija Severa [On the low level of social protection of the population of the North]. JeKO [ECO], 2013, iss. 9, pp. 95-109. (in Russian)
Grishina I.V., Polynev A.O., Timonin S.A. Kachestvo zhizni naselenija regionov Rossii: metodologija issledovanija i rezultaty kompleksnoj ocenki [Quality of life of the population of the Russian regions: research methodology and results of integrated assessment]. Sovremennye proizvoditelnye sily [Modern productive forces], 2012, iss. 1, pp. 70-83. (in Russian)
Irkutskaja neftjanaja kompanija: social'naja otvetstvennost [Irkutsk Oil Company: Social Responsibility]. Available at: https://irkutskoil.ru/society-and-ecology/social-responsibility/ (data of access: 15.04.2019) (in Russian)
Irkutskstat. Municipalnaja statistika [Irkutskstat. Municipal statistics]. Available at: http://irkutskstat.gks.ru/wps/wcm/connect/rosstat_ts/irkutskstat/ru/municipal_statistics/ (data of access: 02.04.2019) (in Russian)
Krasnoshtanova N.E. Socialno-jekonomicheskie izmenenija v rajonah razvitija neftegazovoj promyshlennosti na Severe Irkutskoj oblasti [Socio-economic changes in areas of oil and gas industry development in the north of the Irkutsk region]. Materialy XVIII na-uchnoj konferencii molodyh geografov Sibiri i Dalnego Vostoka “Razvitie geo-graficheskih znanij: nauchnyj poisk i novye metody issledovanij” [The development of geographical knowledge: a scientific search and new research methods. Proceedings of the XVIII scientific conference of young geographers of Siberia and the Far East]. Irkutsk, IG SO RAN Publ, 2014, pp. 170-172. (in Russian)
Lazhencev V.N. Problemy Severa: specifika predmeta nauchnyh issledovanij [Problems of the North: Specificity of the Subject of Scientific Research]. Jekonomika regiona [Economy of the region], 2007, iss. 2. pp. 26-31. (in Russian)
Pankratova E.V. Kompleksnaja metodika ocenki kachestva zhizni regiona [Comprehensive methodology for assessing the quality of life in a region]. Vestnik Ivanovskogo gosudarstvennogo jenergeticheskogo universiteta [Bulletin of the Ivanovo State Energy University], 2009, iss. 1, pp. 1-7. (in Russian)
Sysoeva N. M. Territorial'noe razmeshhenie proizvoditel'nyh sil v kontekste strategii razvitija [Territorial allocation of productive forces in the context of development strategy]. Vlast, biznes, obshhestvo v regionah: nepravilnyj treugolnik [Power, business, society in the regions: the wrong triangle]. Moscow, ROSSPJeN Publ., 2010, pp. 342-350. (in Russian)
Krjukov V.A., Sevast'janova A.E., Silkin V.Ju., Tokarev A.N., Shmat V.V. Upravlenie processom formirovanija cennosti potoka uglevodorodov (na pri-mere perspektiv ispol'zovanija gazovyh resursov Vostochnoj Sibiri) [Managing the process of forming the resources of the flow of hydrocarbons (for example, the prospects for the use of gas resources in Eastern Siberia)]. Novosibirsk, IJeOPP SO RAN Pub., 2011, 360 p. (in Russian)
Shmat V.V. “Centr” okazalsja prav, potomu chto vzjal bolshe prav? [Was “Center” right because he took more rights?]. JeKO [ECO], 2013, iss. 7, pp. 60-77. (in Russian)
Saxinger G., Petrov A., Kuklina V., Krasnoshtanova N., Carson D. Boom back or blow back? Grows strategies in mono-industrial resource towns. Settlements on the Edge. Cheltenham, Edward Elgar Publishing, 2016, pp. 49-74.
Campbell A., Converse P.E., Rodgers W.L. The Quality of American Life: Perceptions, Evaluations, and Satisfactions. N. Y., Russell Sage Foundation, 1976, 584 p.
Dasgupta P., Weale M. On measuring the quality of life. World development, 1992, no. 1, pp. 119-131. https://doi.org/10.1016/0305-750X(92)90141-H
Diener E. A value based index for measuring national quality of life. Social indicators research, 1995, vol. 36, no. 2, pp. 107-127.
Diener E., Suh E. Measuring quality of life: economic, social, and subjective indicators. Social indicators research, 1997, vol. 40, pp. 189-216.
Frynas J.G. The false developmental promise of Corporate Social Responsibility: evidence from multinational oil companies. International Affairs, 2005, no. 81, pp. 581-598.
Nussbaum M., Sen A. (eds.) The quality of life. Oxford, Oxford University Press, 1993, 452 p.
Petrov A. N. Human Capital and Sustainable Development in the Arctic: Towards Intellectual and Empirical Framing. Northern Sustainabilities: Understanding and Addressing Change in the Circumpolar World. Cham, Springer, 2017, pp. 203-220. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-46150-2_16
Costanza R., Fisher B., Ali S., Beer C. Quality of life: An approach integrating opportunities, human needs, and subjective well-being. Ecological economics, 2007, vol. 61, pp. 267-276. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolecon.2006.02.023
Sagar A.D., Najam A. The human development index: a critical review. Ecological economics, 1998, vol. 25, pp. 249-264. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0921-8009(97)00168-7
Saxinger G., Krasnoshtanova N., Illmeier G. In limbo between state and corporate responsibility: Transport infrastructure in the oil village Verkhnemarkovo, Irkutskaya Oblast in Russia. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 2018, vol. 190. https://doi.org/10.1088/1755-1315/190/1/012062
Storey K. Fly-in/Fly-out: Implications for Community Sustainability. Sustainability, 2010, no. 2, pp. 1161-1181. https://doi.org/10.3390/su2051161