Features of Structure and Gardening of Settlements
The importance and structural problems of settlements – the large cities, megalopolises and small villages, kishlaks, uluses, villages possess the enormous social component defining life and development of humanity of Earth. Of course, problems of the cities and the processes connected with an urbanization stand now more sharply because of globalization of these processes and an intensification of other problems connected with large settlements by them. Programs of the UN-Habitat and WHO «Healthy cities» set many tasks the solution of which requires combination of efforts for safe sustainable development of settlements. Authors, on the basis of many years' experience of field studying, the system analysis, have offered the modern classification consisting of 4 categories and 30 types of the planted trees and shrubs territories. Several main assumptions – 11 axioms of current state of the settlements characterizing regularities of distribution of their basic structural elements are revealed. The generalized inductive analysis of a state and placement of subjects to gardening and plantings in territories of settlements, mainly Russia, leads to 10 provisions on the structure, structure and problem points characteristic of the majority of settlements. The main conclusion should be considered that, with rare exception, a problem of placement, creations and the maintenance of subjects to gardening practically in any settlement it is possible to stabilize, improve and to solve systematically. Problems of functional zoning, placement of structural elements, conditions of the planted trees and shrubs territories at evidence-based approach for safe sustainable development it is possible to solve systematically.
Sokolova Oksana Evgenyevna, Postgraduate, Department of Hydrology and Environmental Management, Irkutsk State University, 1, K. Marx st., Irkutsk, 664003, Russian Federation, tel.: (3952)52-10-72, e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Barkhatova Oksana Anatolyevna, Candidate of Sciences (Biology), Associate Professor, Department of Hydrology and Environmental Management, Irkutsk State University, 1, K. Marx st., Irkutsk, 664003, Russian Federation, tel.: (3952)52-10-90, e-mail: email@example.com
Makarov Alexey Aleksandrovich, Associate Professor of Department of Geography, Cartography and Geo-System Technology, Irkutsk State University, 1, K. Marx st., Irkutsk, 664003, Russian Federation, tel.: (3952) 52-10-86, e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Potapova Elena Vladimirovna, Doctor of Sciences (Agricultural), Candidate of Sciences (Biology), Associate Professor, Department of Hydrology and Environmental Management, Irkutsk State University, 1, K. Marx st., Irkutsk, 664003, Russian Federation, tel.: (3952) 52-10-72, e-mail: email@example.com
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