Properties of Peat of Mountainous Altai and Directions
of Their Use
The study of the chemical composition of the peats of the Gorny Altai and their biological activity is an important component of the biopharmaceutical and health cluster of this territory. The spectrum of biologically active substances (BAS) of peat is heterogeneous in different peat deposits and depends on the conditions of formation of the swamp and other factors. Especially important is the right choice of the necessary raw materials base with specific requirements, such as reserves, quality of peat and the possibility of their processing for agriculture, medicine, construction and other branches of human economic activity. Now, the chemical composition of peat of the Gorny Altai is understudied. The purpose of this work – to study the composition of representative peats and to determine the directions of their use. In the Northern and Central Altai was spent the expeditions on the swamps. In the 38 samples of peat was determined moisture according to GOST 11305-83, ash according to GOST 11306-83 and composition of organic matter on method Instorf. Is revealed that the distinctive feature of peat of the Gorny Altai is a wide amplitude of the degree of decomposition and ash content. Based on the composition of organic matter of peats in Gorny Altai was received that for peat bogs are indicative low bitumen content (less than 5 %), carbohydrate complex (less than 60 %) and higher content of humic acids (reaching in some samples 50 %). Peat of Gorny Altai is characterized by high lignin content in different peat types (up to 22 %). The content of fulvic acids is 1,2 to 8 times lower than content of humic acids. However, the peat swamps of this territory are studied poorly, only some of them have peat resources is enough for industrial production. The results of the research was determined the direction the use of peatlands in Gorny Altai – obtaining of humic substances for medicine and agriculture. But in the basis for sustainable management of peatlands of Gorny Altai should be based on scientific approach, allowing to optimize their use, with primarily by their ecological significance.
Larina Galina Vasilevna, Candidate of Sciences (Chemistry), Associate Professor, Department of Biology and Chemistry, Gorno-Altaisk State University, 1, Lenkin st., Gorno-Altaisk, 649000, Russian Federation, tel.: (38822) 2-64-39, e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Maslov Stanislav Grigorjevich, Candidate of Sciences (Technical), Аssociate Professor, Institute of Natural Resources, National Research Polytechnical University, 43a, Lenin av., Tomsk, 634050, Russian Federation, tel.: (3822) 56-46-08, e-mail: maslovSG@tpu.ru
Porokhina Ekaterina Vladimirovna, Candidate of Sciences (Biology), Аssociate Professor, Department of Plant Biology and Biochemistry, Tomsk State Pedagogical University, 60, Kievskaya st., Tomsk, 634061, Russian Federation, tel.: (3822) 52-00-99, e-mail: email@example.com
Dyrin Vladimir Alekseevich, Candidate of Sciences (Biology), Professor, Department of Plant Biology and Biochemistry, Tomsk State Pedagogical University, 60, Kievskaya st., Tomsk, 634061, Russian Federation, tel.: (3822) 52-00-99, e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Egorova Alena Vladimirovna, Undergraduate, Institute of Natural Resources, National Research Polytechnical University, 43a, Lenin av., Tomsk, 634050, Russian Federation, tel.: (3822) 56-46-08, e-mail: egorova3105@mail
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