Modern Methods of in Situ Studying for Mountain Glaciers on Eastern Siberia’s South
A special method of collecting and processing of spatial and climatic data in remote areas of southern East Siberia, with modern glaciation was developed. It is based on field research, geodetic survey, laser scanning, residual strength measurement, analysis of satellite images, the use of GIS technology, nonvolatile temperature sensors (thermochrons), and synthesis of materials in the form of a database. In this paper the attention fixed on in situ methods of study of mountain glaciers as main source of taken of facted materials. Such methods are next.
- Year-round meteorological observation near studying objects by thermo registers
- Geodetic fixes of reference points on object’s surface by portative navigation devices
- Georadar survey of ice thickness from glacier’s surface
- The measurement of residual strength of moraine deposits by sclerometer
- Laser scanning of slopes for the detection of its geomorphologic features
The using thus methods in add to remote sensing observation of earth surface allow making a complex study of modern glaciations of Near-Baikal mountain ridges: the Kodar ridge, Barguzinskii and Baikalskii ridges, East Sayan. It allow to see the grade of participating of nival-glacial formations in geomorphologic processes also.
The GIS-project it’s, probably, the best way to joint of difference data. In this project we can to concentrate data on the one cartographic basis with appropriate database for next automatic analyze that information.
Ivanov Egor Nikolayevich, Candidate of Science (Geography), Research Scientist, Laboratory of Geomorphology, V. B. Sochava Institute of Geography SB RAS, 1, Ulan-Batorskaya st., Irkutsk, 664033, Russian Federation, tel.: +8(3952) 42-64-35, e-mail: email@example.com
Ivanov E.N. Modern Methods of in Situ Studying for Mountain Glaciers on Eastern Siberia’s South. The Bulletin of Irkutsk State University. Series Earth Sciences, 2018, vol. 25, pp. 54-65. https://doi.org/10.26516/2073-3402.2018.25.54 (in Russian)
Vyrkin V.B., Plyusnin V.M. Glyatsio- i morfoklimaticheskie pokazateli Baikal'skoi gornoi oblasti [Glacio- and Morphoclimatic Indicators of Baikal Mountain Area]. Geografiya i prirodnye resursy [Geography and Natural Resources], 1981, no. 1, pp. 113-118. (in Russian)
Ivanov E.N. Dinamika snezhno-ledovykh geosistem gor yuga Vostochnoi Sibiri: monografiya [The Dynamics of snow-ice geosystems of Eastern Siberia’s South mountains: the monograph]. Irkutsk, IG SO RAN Publ., 2015, 128 p. (in Russian)
Konovalova T.I. Prostranstvenno-vremennaya samoorganizatsiya geosistem [Space-Time Self-Organization of Geosystems]. Novosibirsk, GEO Publ., 2012. 152 p. (in Russian)
Naprasnikov A.T., Aseev V.V., Ishmuratov B.M. Otsenka gidroklimaticheskikh resursov zony Baikalo-Amurskoi magistrali [The Valuate of Hydro-Climatic Resources of Baikal-Amur Magistral’s zone]. Irkutsk, IGSDV AN USSR Publ., 1980. 325 p. (In Russian)
Tushinskii G.K. Malinovskaya N.M. Polozhenie urovnya 365 nad territoriei USSR i svyaz' etogo urovnya s oledeneniem [The Position of “Level 365” on the USSR territory and its connect with glaciations]. Informatsionniy sbornik o rabotakh po MMG [Information digest about IMY works], 1962, no. 9, pp. 19-23. (in Russian)
Shumskii P.A., Krass M.S. Dinamika i teplovoi rezhim lednikov [The Dynamics and Thermal Conditions of Glaciers]. Moscow, Nauka Publ., 1983. 210 p. (In Russian)
Bolch T., Buchroithner M., Pieczonka T., Kunert A. Planimetric and volumetric glacier changes in the Khumbu Himal, Nepal, since 1962 using Corona, Landsat TM and Aster data. Journal of glaciology, IGS, 2008, vol. 54, no. 187, pp. 592-600.
Galanin A.A., Pakhomov A.J. Dating of the Mandychansky late glacial complex in the Chersky ridge by use of the sclerometer «ONICS 2.6.2» Geomorphology RAS, 2010, vol. 1, pp. 16-25. DOI:10.15356/0435-4281-2010-1-16-25.
Global Land Ice Measurements from Space. Kargel, J.S., Leonard, G.J., Bishop, M.P., Kääb, A., Raup, B.H. Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg., 2014. 876 p. DOI:10.1007/978-3-540-79818-7.
Ivanov E.N., Plyusnin V.M., Kitov A.D., Kovalenko S.N., Balyazin I.V., Sofronov A.P. Inventory of nival-glacial geosystems in Lake Baikal area (East Siberia, Russia). Environmental Earth Sciences, 2015, vol. 74, is. 3, pp. 1957-1968. DOI 10.1007/s12665-015-4446-z.
Kitov A.D., Gladkov A.S., Lunina O.V., Plyusnin V.M., Ivanov E.N., Serebryakov E.V., Afon’kin A.M. Changes in thickness of Peretolchin glacier (Eastern Sayan). Proceedings of the International conference “InterCarto/InterGIS”. Seoul (South Korea), 2017, vol. 1(23), pp. 405-417. DOI:10.24057/2414-9179-2017-1-23-405-417.
Nicholson L., Petlicki M., Partan B., MacDonell Sh. 3-D surface properties of glacier penitentes over an ablation season, measured using a Microsoft Xbox Kinect. The Cryosphere, 2016, vol. 10, pp. 1897-1913. DOI:10.5194/tc-10-1897-2016.
Shakesby R.A., Matthews J.A., Owen G. The Schmidt hammer as a relative-age dating tool and its potential for calibrated-age dating in Holocene glaciated environments. Quaternary Science Reviews, 2006, vol. 25, is. 21-22, pp. 2846-2867.
Stahr A., Langenscheidt E. Landforms of High Mountains. Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg., 2015. 158 p. DOI:10.1007/978-3-642-53715-8.
Stokes C.R., Shahgedanova M., Evans I.S., Popovnin V. Accelerated loss of alpine glaciers in the Kodar Mountains, south-eastern Siberia. Global and Planetary Change, 2013, vol. 101, pp. 82-96.