Anthropogenic Dynamic of Landscapes of the Gomel Polesie in XIX–XXI Centuries
In work results of the landscape-ecological researches of anthropogenic dynamics of landscape of Gomel Polesie for 150 years are considered. Research problems: 1) studying of dynamics of structure of land use in XIX–XXI centuries; 2) an estimation of anthropogenous transformation of landscapes of area; 3) studying of influence of previous land use on a condition of the stand of wood geosystems. Anthropogenous changes of alluvial terracial and water-glacial landscapes were studied. Researches were spent on two time cuts: the middle of a XIX-th century and the XXI-st century beginning. The main anthropogenic factors of landscape change are drainage melioration and building. In studied territory all small rivers are transformed. Total length of river network in 2,1–5,7 times has increased. Area of the artificial surfaces in 2,6–9,8 times has increased. Area of the artificial surfaces at the expense of expansion of borders of the cities of Gomel and Dobrush has increased. The fragmentation of a wood cover has increased. The average area of large forests in 6,7–10 times has decreased. There was an expansion of the area of arable lands in 1,3–5,7 times. Bogs geosystems of alluvial terracial landscape to arable lands have been transformed (72,5–83,2 % of the area of bogs). Bogs geosystems of water-glacial landscape to meadows have been transformed. It is established that the previous land use in the vital state of the stand of wood geosystems is reflected.
Gusev Andrey Petrovich, Candidate of Sciences (Geology and Mineralogy), Associate Professor, Department of Ecology, Francisk Skorina Gomel State University, Sovetskaya st., 104, Gomel, 246019, Republic of Belarus, tel.: +375295307467, е-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Andrushko Svetlana Vladimirovna, Candidate of Sciences (Geography), Associate Professor, Department of Geology and Geography, Francisk Skorina Gomel State University, Sovetskaya st., 104, Gomel, 246019, Republic of Belarus, tel.: +375259387508, е-mail: email@example.com
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