ISSN 2073-3402 (Print)

List of issues > Series «Earth Sciences». 2016. Vol. 18

Environmental Mercury Contamination in Post-Explitation Period (Novo-Ursk Gold Deposit, Kemerovo Region)

M. A. Gustaytis, I. N. Myagkaya, B. L. Scherbov, E. V. Lazareva
New Ursk copper-zinc sulphide ores deposits were mined since 1930. Those obgects are characterized by high mercury content (pyrite ores – 100 µkg/g, oxidation zone – 20–30 µkg/g). The waste is not fixed during the entire period of the tailing’s existence it is routinely diluted by rainwater and flood water. The ravine’s swampy territory below the tailings down to the Ur river is covered with the derived waste matter the area’s vegetation has been destroyed due to the acid mine drainage influence. The location of the tailing pit between the residential quarters of the village poses an important problem of the element’s expansion and transformation in trophic chains: water – bottom sediments – fish, soil – mushrooms, etc. Distribution patterns of mercury speciation were studied in natural and tehnogenic systems with high element levels. High mercury content was founded in well waters, fish, plants and mushrooms near the Ursk tailings. To determine mercury speciation the method of thermal analysis with atomic absorption spectrometry as detector was applied. A Lumex RA-915+ mercury analyzer (St. Petersburg, Russia) equipped with pyrolytic attachment RP-91C was used. Distribution patterns of mercury speciation were studied in natural and tehnogenic systems with high element levels. High mercury content was founded in well waters, fish, plants and mushrooms near the Ursk tailings.
environmental pollution, species of mercury, tailings

Biogeochemistry of ocean [Biogeohimiay okeana] ed. by A.S. Monin, A.P. Lisicin. M., 1983. 368 p.

Hygienic standards HS “Permissible exposure limit (PEL) of chemical substance in soil” [Gigienicheskie normativi. GN «Pridelino dopustimie kocentracii (PDK) chimicheskich vechestv v pochve»]. Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation, Moscow, 2006.

Gorbunova I.A. Heavy metal and radionucleotide in sponk micromycete in the Republic of Altai [Tyazholie metalli i radionuklidi v plodovih telah mikromicetov v respublike Altai]. Contemporary Problems of Ecology [Sibirskiy ekologicheskiy jurnal], 1999, Iss. 3, pp. 277–280.

All Union State standard 31339-2006. Fish, non-fish objects and products of their processing. Acceptance rules and sampling methods [GOST 31339-2006. Riba, neribnie obekti i produkciya iz nih]. М., 2006. 29 p.

Granovskiy E.I., Hesanova S.K., Darisheva А.М., Frolova V.А. Mercury pollution of environmental and method of demercurization [Zagryaznenie rtutju okrujauschei sredi i metodi demercurizacii]. Analytical review. Almaty, 2001. 98 p.

Scherbov B.L., Scherbakova I.N., Lazareva E.V., Bogush A.A., Gustaytis M.A. Pollution of environmental by toxic elements as result exploitation gold mining Urskoe (Kemerovo area) [Zagryaznenie okrujauschei sredi toksicnimi elementami posle exspluatacii prodovolstvennogo mestorojdeniya Urskoe(Kemerovskaya oblast)]. Problems of biogeochemistry and geochemical ecology [Problemi biogeohimii i geohimiceskoi ecologii], 2008 (8), no 4, pp. 76–83.

Myagkaya I.N., Lazareva Е.V., Gustaytis М.А. , Zayakina S.B., Polyakova E.V., Zhmodik S.M. Gold in the Sulfide Waste-Peat Bog System as a Behavior Model in Geological Processes [Zoloto v sisteme sulifidnie othodi i torfyannik kak model povedeniya v geologicheskih processah], Doklady Earth Sciences [Doklady academii nauk], 2013, vol. 453, no 2, pp. 201–206.

Kabata-Pendias A., Pendias H. Micronutrients in soils and plants [Mikrielementi v pochvah i rasteniyah]. M., 1989. 439 p.

Kuzubova L.I., Shuvaeva О.V., Anoshin G.N. Methylmercury in environmental (distribution, formation in nature, Method of determination) [Metilrtut v okrujauschei srede (raspredelenie, obrazovanie v prirode, metodi opredeleniya)]. Novosibirsk, 2000. 82 p.

Gustaytis М.А., Lazareva Е.V., Bogush А.А., Shuvaeva О.V., Scherbakova I.N., Polyakova Е. V., Badmaeva J. О., Anoshin G. N. Distribution of Mercury and Its Species in the Zone of Sulphide Tailing [Raspredelenie himicheskih form rtuti v sulifidnih hvostohranilischah] // Doklady Earth Sciences [Doklady academii nauk], 2010, vol. 432, no 2, pp. 655–659.

Roslyakov N.A., Kirillova O.V. Mercury pollution of environmental by gold mining in Russia [Rtutnoe zagryaznenie okrujauschei sredi pri dobichi zolota v Rossii] // Chemistry for Sustainable Development [Himiya v interesah ustoichivigi razvitiya], 1995, vol. 3, no 1/2, pp. 43–55.

Anoshin G.N., Malikova I.N., Kovalev S.I., Androsova N.V., Tsimbalist V.G., Scherbov B.L. Mercury in environmental of Western Siberia [Rtuti v okruzhauschei srede Zapadnoi Sibiri] // Chemistry for Sustainable Development [Himiya v interesah ustoichvogo razvitiya], 1995, vol. 3, Iss. 1/2, pp. 69–11.

Public health regulations [Sanitarnie normi i pravila] “Hygienic requirements by quality and safety of food ingredients and food” [“Gigienicheskie trebovaniya k kachestvu i bezopasnosti prodovolstvennogo sirjya i pischevih produktov”]. Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation. M., 1996.

Public health regulations [Sanitarnie normi i pravila] “Hygienic requirements by quality water of noncentralized basis water supply. Sanitary protection of springs” [(“Gigienicheskie trebovaniya k kachestvu void nezentralizovannogo vodosnabjeniya. Sanitarnaya ohrana istochnikov”]. Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation. M., 2003.

Alekseev U.E, Vehov V.N., Gapochkina G.P., Dundin U.K. Herbaceous plants of USSR [Travaynistie rastenija SSSR]. М., 1971, vol. 1. 487 p.

Nesterenko G.V., Osincev C.R., Portnikov D.I., Lavrentjev U.G., Kuznecova L.N., Pospelova A.I. Formation and source of nourishment of placer gold South-East Salair [Formirovanie i istochniki pitaniya rossipei Severo-Vostochnogo Salaira]. Formation conditions, principle of anticipating and prospecting of gold ore field [Usloviya obrazovaniya, principi prognoza i poiskov zolotorudnih mestorojdenii]. Novosibirsk, 1983, pp. 166–194.

Gustaytis M.A., Lazareva E.V., Myagkaya I.N., Bogush A.A., Shuvaeva O.V. Mercury species in solid matter of dispersion of the Ursk tailing dispersion train (Ursk village, Kemerovo region, Russia) // 22–27 September 2012. Rome, Italy. The International Conference on Heavy Metals in the Environment (16th ICHMET) Abstracts. The E3S Web of Conferences journal. EDP Sciences, 2013, vol. 1, pp. 19007–19011. doi: 10.1051/e3sconf/20130119007.

Shuvaeva O.V., Gustaytis M. A., Anoshin G. N. Mercury speciation in environmental solid samples using thermal release technique with atomic absorption detection // Analytica Chimica Acta, 2008, vol. 621, pp. 148–154. doi: 10.1016/j.aca.2008.05.034.

Full text (russian)