ISSN 2073-3402 (Print)

List of issues > Series «Earth Sciences». 2018. Vol. 24

Current Problems of the Water Level Control in Lake Baikal

V. N. Sinyukovich, M. S. Chernishov
This paper deals with the problems of control of water resources management in Lake Baikal, which have become aggravated since the beginning of the 21st century after approval of new limitations of the permissible range of water fluctuation levels in the lake and due to abnormally low moisture within its basin in 2014-2015 and 2017. To assess the degree of disturbance of the level regime of Lake Baikal after the impoundment, it was suggested to compare the observed levels with the conditionally natural ones calculated for living conditions according to the water balance scheme of the reconstruction. The reconstructed levels indicate more significant discharges of water level through hydroelectric power station in 2015-2017, than it could be in the living conditions. The paper describes factors, which complicate the selection of the regime of runoff control through the Irkutsk Hydropower Station to avoid flooding of economic infrastructure in the downstream water of the hydrosystem as well as to provide stable water and heat supply of the cities located here. It is suggested that the existing rules of runoff control are ineffective and it is necessary to correct them. Also, the main difficulties in regulating the use of water resources of Lake Baikal in the 21st century are connected primarily with a long low-water period.
For citation:
Sinyukovich V. N., Chernishov M. S. Current Problems of the Water Level Control in Lake Baikal. The Bulletin of Irkutsk State University. Series Earth Sciences, 2018, vol. 24, pp. 99-110. https://doi.org/10.26516/2073-3402.2018.24.99. (in Russian)
Lake Baikal, regulated runoff, reconstruction, low water level

Afanasiev A.N. Vodnyj balans oz. Bajkal [Water balance of Lake Baikal]. Issledovanija gidrologicheskogo rezhima Bajkala [Studies of the hydrological regime of Lake Baikal]. Moscow, Leningrad, AN SSSR Publ., 1960, pp. 155-241. (in Russian)

Afanasiev A.N. Vodnye resursy i vodnyi balans basseina ozera Baikal [Water Resources and Water Balance of the Lake Baikal Basin]. Novosibirsk, Nauka Publ., 1976, 238 p. (in Russian)

Bychkov I.V., Nikitin V.M. Regulirovanie urovnja ozera Bajkal: problemy i vozmozhnye reshenija [Regulation of the Lake Baikal level: problems and possible solutions]. Geografija i prirodnye resursy [Geography and natural resources], 2015, no. 3, pp. 5-16. (in Russian)

Irkutskaja gidrojelektrostancija na r. Angare. Tehnicheskij proekt. T. 1 [Irkutsk hydroelectric power station on the Angara river. Technical project. Vol. 1]. Prirodnye uslovija [Natural conditions]. Ch. 2: Gidrologicheskij ocherk [Pt. 2: Hydrological abstract]. Moscow, The Moscow branch of the Institute Gidroenergoproekt Publ., 1951, 220 p. (in Russian)

Nikitin V.M., Abasov N.V., Berezhnyh T.V., Osipchuk E.N. Ozero Bajkal: riski malovodnyh i mnogovodnyh periodov [Lake Baikal: risks of low-water and high-water periods]. Geografija i prirodnye resursy [Geography and natural resources], 2016, no. 5, pp. 29-38. (in Russian)

Osnovnye pravila ispolzovanija vodnyh resursov vodohranilishh Angarskogo kaskada GJeS (Irkutskogo, Bratskogo i Ust-Ilimskogo) [The basic rules for the use of water resources in the reservoir of the Angarsk cascade of hydroelectric power stations (Irkutsk, Bratsk and Ust-Ilimsk). Moscow, Ministry of Land Reclamation and Water Resources of the RSFSR Publ., 1988, 65p. (in Russian)

Pravila ispolzovanija vodnyh resursov Irkutskogo vodohranilishha i ozera Bajkal. Proekt [Rules for the use of water resources of the Irkutsk Reservoir and Lake Baikal. Project]. Moscow, Moscow University of Environmental Engineering Publ., 2013, 168 p. (in Russian)

Saveliev V.A. Sovremennye problemy i budushhee gidrojenergetiki Sibiri [Modern problems and the future of hydropower in Siberia]. Novosibirsk Science Publ., 2000, 200 p. (in Russian)

Sinyukovich V.N. Problemy regulirovanija urovnja ozera Bajkal v uslovijah anomalnoj vodnosti [The problem of regulating the level of lake Baikal under conditions of anomalous water availability]. Vodnoe hozjajstvo Rossii [Water management in Russia], 2016, no. 1, pp. 42-51. (in Russian)

Arnell N. W. Climate Change and Global Water Resources. Global Environ. Change, 1999, no. 9, pp. 31-49.

Arnell N.W., van Vuuren D.P., Isaac M. The Implications of Climate Policy for the Impacts of Climate Change on Global Water Resources. Global Environ. Change, 2011, vol. 21, no. 2, pp. 592-603. DOI: org/0.1016/j.gloenvcha.2011.01.015.

Changnon S.A. Temporal Behavior of Levels of the Great Lakes and Climate Variability. Great Lakes Res, 2004, vol. 30, no. 1, pp. 184-200.

Climate Change 2001. The Scientific Basis. Contributionof Working Group I to the Third Assessment Report of the IPCC. Summary for Policymakers and Technical Summary, WMO/UNEP, 2001. Available at: http://www.ipcc.ch/ipccreports/tar/wg1/pdf/WG1. (Accessed 10.04.2018).

Frolov A.V., Vyruchalkina T.Yu. Dynamic-Stochastical Modeling of Long-Term Fluctuations in Lake Baykal Levels and Angara River Runoff. Water Res, 2017, vol. 44, issue 3, pp. 380-389. DOI: 10.1134/S0097807817030095.

Jaagus J. Trends and Regime Shifts in Climatic Conditions and River Runof. Earth Syst. Dynam, 2017, vol. 8, pp. 963-976.

Lake Ontario – St. Lawrence River Study Board. Options for Managing Lake Ontario and St. Lawrence River Water Levels and Flows: Final Report to the International Joint Commission. 2006. Available at: http://www.ijc.org/loslr/en/library/LOSLR %20Study %20Reports/report-main-e-6KB.pdf. (date of access: 09.04.2018).

Abasov N.V., Bolgov M.V., Nikitin V.M., Osipchuk E.N. Level Regime Regulation in Lake Baikal. Water Res, 2017, vol. 44, issue 3, pp. 537-546. DOI: 10.1134/S0097807817030022.

Goldman C.R., Kumagai M., Robats R.D. (ed.) Climatic Change and Warming of Inland Waters: Impacts and Mitigation for Ecosystems and Societies. A John Wiley&Sons.;Ltd. Publ., 2013, 472 p.

Sinyukovich V.N. Recovery of the Natural Level Regime of Lake Baikal After Construction of the Irkutsk Hydroelectric Power Plant. Russian meteorology and hydrology, 2005, no. 7, pp. 40-46.

Sutcliff J.V., Parks Y.P. The hydrology of Nile. IASH Special, Publ., 1995, no. 5, 179 p.

Kouraev A.V., Semovski S.V., Shimaraev M.N. et al. The ice Regime of Lake Baikal from Historical and Satellite Data: Relation to Air Temperature, Dynamical, and Other Factors. Limnol. Oceanogr, 2007, vol. 52, no. 3, pp. 1268-1286.

Zoljoodi M., Didevarasl A. Water-Level Fluctuations of Urmia Lake: Relationship with the Long-Term Changes of Meteorological Variables (Solutions for Water-Crisis Management in Urmia Lake Basin). Atmospheric and Climate Sciences, 2014, no. 4, pp. 358-368.

Full text (russian)